CHAPTER 4 Research design and methodology 4.1 Theoretical framework 4.1.1 Introduction Every type of empirical research has implicit, if not explicit, research design. In the most elementary sense, the design is a logical sequence that connects empirical data to a study's initial research questions and ultimately, to its conclusions.
Author: Joe Schall, College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University. This courseware module is part of Penn State's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences' OER Initiative. Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The College of Earth and Mineral Sciences is.